The main types of accidents which cause death or serious injury on construction sites include falls, incidents with site vehicles, collapsing materials and contact with overhead power lines. To avoid such accidents, the following safety procedures must be observed at construction sites.
Own a Personal Protective Equipment
These are to be supplied to all the personnel’s working on site and even for the personal who are temporarily visiting to the site.
According to the constructor magazine, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) can be classified as: Minimum Personal protective equipment (PPE) and Additional Personal protective equipment (PPE). They include the following;
- Hard Hat or Helmet
Hard hat or helmet is issued to each and every personnel working on site. It has to be worn all times at job site.
- Safety Glasses
Safety glasses are required at construction site every time debris is filled in air due to activities on site.
- Hand Protection Gloves
Hand gloves are supplied to all personals to protect against cuts when handling material or equipment’s, during cleaning operations, cutting metal studs or similar works.
- Safety Vests
Safety vests also called as high visibility shirts. Purpose of safety vest is to keep the person always clear in view, even in the dark and he should be visible to everyone.
Safety vests are of different bright colors like red, green, yellow so it’s easy for workers to see and locate each other
- Proper Clothing
Shirts, long pants and hard soul shoes, a 6-inch-high boot is recommended.
- Hearing Protection
It is compulsory to wear hearing protection equipment near any equipment, tool or machinery which makes loud noises. As per standard practice if you are 2 foot away from somebody and you need to shout to talk, putting hearing protection is necessary.
- Respiratory Protection
Sometimes as voluntary respiration policy dust mask is supplied, any employee looking for additional comfort or safety while working with fiber glass, fire proofing, cleaning the floors or handling debris.
- Face shields
A full face shield should be worn along with safety glasses when working in a high debris, operating grinder or any spark producing activity or similar activities or when done on site. An approved welding shield is compulsory to wear during all welding operations.
- Safety Harness
The safety harness is an attachment between a fixed and mobile object and is usually fabricated from rope, cable and locking hardware.
Full body safety harness to be used as a procedure for fall protecting system, ignorance can result in severe physical harm. Safety harnesses keep workers safe and are helpful in freeing their hands for work even while hanging on the side of a building.
Using proper lifting techniques, site personnel should be aware of his weight lifting capacity and if required, take the help of another person instead of taking all load himself.
Always wear the safety equipment’s while working on construction site.
Health And Safety Training
In order to promote safety awareness on maintenance site, the operators of the site at all levels should be trained for the safety and health on site. This training programme are to be arranged at least once every month and must be compulsory for all site operators.
The issues to be treated are listed below;
- Causes of accidents
- Cost of accidents
- Accident prevention
- Health and safety regulations
- Duties and responsibilities of participants
- Emergency procedures
- Machine and equipment testing, inspection and maintenance
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